Symplocos adenophylla Wall. & G.Don - SYMPLOCACEAE

Synonym : Symplocos touranensis Guillaum
Symplocos puncto-marginata Chev. ex Guillaum
Symplocos clemensolum Guillaum

English   Lao   

Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Evergreen trees, exudates absent. Leaves simple with apex caudate and margin glandular. Stipules absent. Flowers bisexual, axillary or pseudoterminal, greenish. Fruits a drupe, purplish.
Habit : Evergreen tree up to 8 m. tall, about 15 cm in DBH.
Trunk & bark : Trunk straight, longitudinally grooved. Bark smooth with few lenticels, grey; inner bark pale yellow with white fiber.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Branchlet terete, glabrous, greenish-brown to blackish brown.
Exudates : Exudate absent.
Leaves : Simple leaves, alternate, elliptic 1-5 x 4-15 cm. in length, apex caudate, base attenuate, margin entire, with pellucid glands, young leaves brownish, blade pubescent then glabrous.
Midrib flat above, secondary veins obtuse, 2-4 pairs, intramarginal vein single, tertiary veins reticulate. Petiole terete 5-10 mm. long with glands. Exstipulate.
Inflorescences or flowers : Inflorescence axillary or pseudo-terminal panicles, up to 6 cm. long, pubescent, pedicel very short about 3 mm. long, persistent bract and bractioles. Flowers green.
Fruits : Fruit solitary drupe, ellipsoid to cylindrical, glabrous. 3-5 X 8-10 mm. in length, one locule, green then turning purple.
Seeds : Seed 1.

Habitat and ecology :

In semi evergreen tropical rain forest or humid forest from 400 to 600 m. altitude.

Distribution :

Chine, Burma (Myanmar), Thailand, Vietnam, Malay Peninsula, and Laos.

Remark/notes/uses :
The wood is used for light construction.

Specimens studied :
BT 450 and BT 461 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Viêtnam 1960-2003. Vol. 16. Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris, France.

Top of the page