Ficus altissima Bl. - MORACEAE

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Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Massive spreading evergreen fig, trunk buttressed, bark smooth. Exudate white. Leaves simple alternate. Stipules intrapetiolar, sheathing. Fruit a fig.
Habit : Massive evergreen ”strangling” frequently free standing to 30 m. Crown spreading.
Trunk & bark : Trunk with low buttresses. Bark smooth, grey, with small pustules, light brown.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Young branches slightly hairy, terete.
Exudates : Exudate white, copious.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, 5-10 x 1-4 cm, elliptic to ovate ,10-22 x 6-12, glabrous, apex acute, base attenuate to rounded, margin entire.
Midrib flat.
Primary vein single, secondary veins 6-10, oblique, somewhat looping near the margin, tertiary veins oblique. Petiole 2-5mm, terete, glabrous.
Stipules intrapetiolar, puberulous, caducous, sheathing, leaving an annular scar.
Inflorescences or flowers : Inflorescence a fig, axillary, solitary or paired, 1-2.5 cm diameter, sessile. Flowers unisexual.
Fruits : A fig reddish orange at maturity.
Seeds : Many minute seeds.

Habitat and ecology :

Common and evergreen forest.

Distribution :

Burma (Myanmar), South China, India, (Andaman Is.) Malesia to Celebes and Philippines, Thailand, Indochina, Laos.

Remark/notes/uses :
Host tree for Lac insects.

Specimens studied :
BT 580 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Berg, C.C. & E.J.H. Corner. 2005. Moraceae in Flora Malesiana 17/2: 625.
Blume. 1825. In Bijdr. 444 pp.

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