Parinari anamensis Hance - CHRYSOBALANACEAE

Synonym : Parinari albidum Craib

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Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Evergreen trees, bark deeply fissured and flaky. Leaves with a greyish-white mat of hairs below. Petiole with two glands below the middle. Stipules free, caduceus. Flowers bisexual, white. Fruit a large drupe, warty and scabby outside.
Habit : Evergreen tree up to 30 m tall.
Trunk & bark : Bole straight, bark grey-brown, deeply fissured, flaky.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Twigs terete, finely hairy.
Exudates : Exudate absent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, ovate, finely hairy, apex acute, base rounded, margin entire.
Midrib flat above, secondary veins oblique, tertiary veins reticulate. Petioles with usually two small glands, just below the middle.
Stipules falling off early.
Inflorescences or flowers : Flowers arranged in a many-flowered inflorescence, terminal, bisexual, pedicels up to 3 mm long.
Fruits : Fruit drupe, up to 4 cm in diameter, thinly fleshy outside, with dense hairy inner layer.
Seeds : Seed(s) 1 or 2.

Habitat and ecology :

Fairly common in evergreen and deciduous forest.

Distribution :

Indochina, Laos (Champasak, Khammouan, Savannakhet, Vientiane).

Remark/notes/uses :
The wood is difficult to work and splits easily but has been used for interior construction.

Specimens studied :
BT 11, BT 59, BT 1102, LAO 262, LAO 1139 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Gardner S., Sidisunthorn P. & Anusarnsunthorn V. 2000. A field guide to Forest Trees of Northern Thailand. Kobfai Publishing Project. Bangkok. Thailand.

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