Garcinia merguensis Wight - GUTTIFERAE

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Habitat and ecology Distribution


Diagnostic characters : Evergreen trees, bark fissured, branches alternately horizontal, branchlets glabrous. Exudate yellow. Leaves simple opposite, glabrous margin entire. Stipules absent. Flowers unisexual. Fruit a globose berry.
Habit : Tree to 12 m.
Trunk & bark : Bark smooth becoming fissured with age, inner-bark reddish.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Branches alternately horizontal, glabrous.
Exudates : Exudate yellow latex.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, glabrous, apex acute, base acute to attenuate, margin entire.
Primary vein single, secondary and tertiary veins obscure. Petiole c. 1 cm glabrous.
Stipules absent.
Inflorescences or flowers : Flowers mostly axillary, unisexual on different trees, female red, male yellowish.
Fruits : A globose berry, smooth.

Habitat and ecology :

Residual semi-evergreen forest.

Distribution :

Burma (Myanmar), Indochina, Malay peninsula, Thailand, Laos.

Specimens studied :
BT 535 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Kurz S. 1877. Forest Flora British Burma 1 (2 volumes). Office of the superintendent of government printing. Calcutta.
Wight. 1840. In Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. t. 116.

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