Carallia brachiata (Lour.) Merr. - RHIZOPHORACEAE

Basionym : Diatoma brachiata Lour.

Synonym : Carallia integerrima DC
Carallia lucida Roxb.
Carallia scortechinii King.

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Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Evergreen trees with flaky bark. Leaves simple, opposite, glabrous, with black gland dots below. Stipules present, sheathing and leaving an annular scar. Flowers creamish-green, often covered with resin. Fruits berry-like, seeds covered with an orange aril.
Habit : Evergreen tree up to 20 m tall.
Trunk & bark : Bole straight. Bark smooth, greyish-brown, with branchlets or leaves scars.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Twigs terete, glabrous.
Exudates : Exudate absent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, glabrous, obovate, apex abruptly acuminate, base acute, margin entire, many tiny gland dots below.
Midrib canaliculate above, secondary veins obtuse widely parallel, tertiary veins absent.
Stipules large, cigar-like twisted, often covered by resin.
Inflorescences or flowers : Flowers arranged in a many-flowered inflorescence, axillary, bisexual, pedicels up to 3 mm long.
Fruits : Fruit berry-like, up to 1 cm in diameter, not splitting.
Seeds : Seed(s) 1 or 2, covered by an orange aril.

Habitat and ecology :

Fairly common in evergreen forest, especially along rivers.

Distribution :

Madagascar, India, Burma (Myanmar), China (South), Malesia, Australia (North), Solomons, Thailand, Indochina, Laos (Khammouan).

Remark/notes/uses :
The wood is used for construction work and for furniture and other interior finishings although it is difficult to season.

Specimens studied :
BT 727, BT 796 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Gardner S., Sidisunthorn P. & Anusarnsunthorn V. 2000. A field guide to Forest Trees of Northern Thailand. Kobfai Publishing Project. Bangkok. Thailand.

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