Anneslea fragans Wall. - THEACEAE

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Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Leaves simple, alternate and spiral, clustered at the ends of the twigs. Flowers bisexual, sepals petal-like, petals pressed together over the sexual organs and narrow in the middle.
Habit : Evergreen tree up to 25 m tall.
Trunk & bark : Bole straight, bark dark grey with a fine network of deep fissures, slash dark red.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Twigs terete, glabrous.
Exudates : Exudate absent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate and spiral, glabrous, usually clustered at the end of the twigs, narrowly elliptic, apex acute, base attenuate.
Midrib flat above.
Primary veins single, secondary veins obtuse, tertiary veins invisible.
Stipules absent.
Inflorescences or flowers : Flowers arranged in few-flowered clusters, near the end of the twig, bisexual, pedicel longer than 0.5 cm long.
Fruits : Fruit globose, 1.5 - 5 cm, leathery, irregularly breaking up when old.
Seeds : Seeds 2-9, enclosed by a red aril-like (sarcotesta).

Habitat and ecology :

Very common in forests with pines, but also in moister forests.

Distribution :

Burma (Myanmar), South China (Yunnan, Kwangtun, Hainan), Thailand, Indochina, Laos (Khammouan).

Remark/notes/uses :
Timber very hard and brittle, with nice marks, used for furniture, bark and flowers a vermifuge and against dysentery and fever.

Specimens studied :
BT 245, BT 444, BT 622, BT 725 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Gardner S., Sidisunthorn P. & Anusarnsunthorn V. 2000. A field guide to Forest Trees of Northern Thailand. Kobfai Publishing Project. Bangkok. Thailand.

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