Anacolosa clarkii Pierre - OLACACEAE

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Botanical descriptions Habitat and ecology Distribution

Botanical descriptions :

Diagnostic characters : Evergreen trees, bark smooth or flaky. Leaves simple, alternate and distichous. Flowers white, axillary.
Habit : Evergreen tree up to 12 m tall.
Trunk & bark : Bole straight, creamy-brown, smooth.
Branches and branchlets or twigs : Twigs terete, glabrous.
Exudates : Exudate absent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate and distichous, glabrous, elliptic, apex acute, base acute.
Midrib more or less flat above, secondary veins obliques to the midrib, tertiary veins reticulate.
Stipules absent.
Inflorescences or flowers : Flowers white, arranged in few-flowered clusters, axillary or behind the leaves, bisexual, pedicels up to 3 mm long.
Fruits : Fruit a drupe, up to 4 cm long, slightly fleshy, not splitting open.
Seeds : Seed 1.

Habitat and ecology :

Common in the understorey of evergreen forest.

Distribution :

Thailand, Laos (Khammouan).

Remark/notes/uses :
Leaves and bark said to be febrifugal and to stimulate mother's milk production.

Specimens studied :
BT 303 (Herbarium of Faculty of Sciences-NUoL, NHN-Leiden and CIRAD-Montpellier).

Literature :
Sleumer, H. 1980. A taxonomic account of the Olacaceae of Asia, Malesia and adjacent areas. Blumea 26: 145--168.

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